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Leafworm anuhe: 13 ʻano pest a me nā ala e lanakila ai

Mea kākau atikala
7156 XNUMX XNUMX mau manaʻo
6 minuke. no ka heluhelu

ʻO kēlā me kēia kauwela noho a mea māla paha i hoʻokahi manawa i ʻike i nā lau i ʻōwili ʻia i loko o kahi paipu ma nā kumulāʻau hua a i ʻole nā ​​kumu lāʻau, kahi e peʻe ai nā enuhe liʻiliʻi. ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona o ia mau lau e hōʻike ana ua ʻike ʻia kekahi o nā mea hōʻeha weliweli loa, ka leafworm, ma ka pūnaewele.

Leaf rollers: kiʻi o ka pepeke a me ka enuhe

inoa: wili lau
ʻŌlelo Lākni:Tortricidae ai ole ia, Olethreutidae

Papa: nā inike - pepeke
pūʻulu:
Lepidoptera - Lepidoptera                                                                                              Kaʻohana: ʻO nā lau lau - Tortricidae

Nā wahi noho:ma nā wahi a pau
Nā Mea Hana:ʻaneʻane ʻaneʻane nā ʻāpana a pau o nā meakanu e ʻai ai nā enuhe
Pōmaikaʻi a pōʻino paha:nā mea ʻino o nā lāʻau hua a me kekahi mau conifers

ʻO ka wehewehe ʻana o ka nalo

Pepa ulu.

Pepa ulu.

He ʻohana leafworms nā peʻapeʻa liʻiliʻi. ʻAʻole iʻoi aku ka lōʻihi o ka'ēheu o ka'ōpala i ka 2,5 knm. ʻO ka lōʻihi o ke kino o ka moth ma ka awelika ma kahi o 2 knm, a ua uhiʻia konaʻili a pau i nā lauoho he nui.

Kāleka Hiki ke hoʻololi ʻia nā ʻēheu ma muli o nā ʻano subspecies a loaʻa nā ʻoliva a me ka hina-ʻeleʻele. Ma luna o ka waihoʻoluʻu nui ma nā ʻēheu, aia paha nā kikoʻī a me nā kaha o nā kala like ʻole. ʻO ka waihoʻoluʻu o nā ʻēheu mua he ʻeleʻele mau ka malu ma mua o ka hope.

Puka ʻO nā ʻēheu butterfly he triangular a trapezoidal paha. I ka wā e pelu ʻia ai, ʻaʻole i hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā ʻēheu o nā ʻīlio lau ma ke kū pololei, e like me ka hapa nui o nā lele, akā ma ke ākea.

Ma ke ʻano o ke ola ʻana, nocturnal insects ka leafworm. I ke ao, huli ka mu i kahi malu a noho ma laila a pōʻeleʻele.

pōʻaiapili hoʻomohala kupu

E like me ke koena o ke kauoha Lepidoptera, hele ka leafworm i kekahi mau pae ma ke ala e hiki ai i ke oʻo piha.

He hua manu ʻEleʻele ka waihoʻoluʻu o nā hua elo lau. I ke kauwela, hiki i ka wahine hoʻokahi ke waiho i 800 mau hua. Hūnā nui nā kupua i ko lākou mau lima me nā hua ma ka ʻili o nā kumulāʻau hua. Hiki i nā hua ke ola i ka hoʻoilo ma ka ʻili o ka ʻili. ʻO ka ulu ʻana o ka embryo i loko o ka hua he 14-15 mau lā.
ʻEnuhe. Ma hope o ʻelua pule, puka mai nā ʻuala mai nā hua i waiho ʻia. ʻO ke kino o ka larva he ʻili maʻemaʻe a hiki i ka lōʻihi o 1-2 cm He 8 mau wāwae ma nā ʻaoʻao. Hiki ke kala mai brownish-yemele a ʻōmaʻomaʻo. Ua pena ʻia ke poʻo i ʻeleʻele a ʻeleʻele paha. ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻo ka pelu ʻana o nā lau i loko o kahi paipu.
Pupa. ʻO ke kaʻina o ka pupation o nā larvae ke hana maʻamau i ke kauwela mua. Hiki i ka pupae ke pūnana ma ka lepo luna, ma loko o nā māwae i ka ʻili o nā kumulāʻau, a i ʻole ma nā lau i ʻōwili ʻia. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka pepeke i loko o ka chrysalis i loko o 14-15 mau lā. He ʻokoʻa koʻikoʻi ke ʻano, ka nui a me ka waihoʻoluʻu o ka pupa, ma muli o nā ʻano subspecies o ka leafworm.
Ua hana anei ʻoe me ka lau?
iaNo

ʻO nā ʻano nui o nā lau

ʻO ka ʻohana o kēia mau moth he ʻoi aku ma mua o 10 tausani mau ʻano ʻano like ʻole e hiki ke loaʻa ma nā kihi a pau o ka honua. Ma ka ʻāina o Rūsia, 13 o nā ʻano mea maʻamau e hoʻoweliweli koʻikoʻi i nā mea kanu.

ʻO ka lau ʻāʻī a i ʻole twirl

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona kūʻokoʻa o kēia ʻano ʻano he melemele-keʻokeʻo ma nā ʻēheu mua. Hoʻopōʻino lākou i nā mea kanu e like me ka peach, apple, pear, plum, cherry, apricot, cherry and raspberry.

lau hua waina

Aia ma nā ʻēheu mua o ka butterfly he mau ʻāpana māmā, a me nā kiko melemele a me ka uliuli. Hoʻopilikia pinepine ka lau vine i nā hua waina, akā hiki ke hōʻino i nā ʻāpala, nā pears, nā plums, a me nā pīkī.

Hikina a hikina paha ka peach

Ua pena ʻia nā ʻēheu o ka mu i ka hina ʻeleʻele me ka ʻulaʻula a loaʻa kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻano o nā ʻāpana lahilahi a keʻokeʻo. ʻO ka peach, ka quince, ka pear, ka plum, ka apricot, medlar, cotoneaster a me ka lāʻau ʻāpala e lilo i mau pōʻino o ka leafworm hikina.

Hawthorn

ʻO ke kala o nā ʻēheu mua o ka inike he hina-ʻeleʻele a ʻeleʻele paha, ma muli o ke kāne. Aia ma ka ʻili o nā ʻēheu he melemele a ʻulaʻula paha. Ma waho aʻe o nā kumulāʻau hua i loko o nā kīhāpai, hoʻopilikia kēia ʻano leafworm i ka cherry manu, lehu mauna, hawthorn, cotoneaster, hazel a me nā lāʻau deciduous ʻē aʻe.

moth codling

Ua pena ʻia nā ʻēheu Butterfly i ka hina-ʻeleʻele me ke ʻano ʻole o ke ʻano. Hoʻopilikia ka pest i ka mea kanu, hōʻino i nā hua o ka peach, plum, pear, apple a me ka apricot.

moth codling pea

ʻO ke kala nui o nā ʻēheu o ka mu he ʻeleʻele hina. Ma luna o ia mea, hoʻohana ʻia kahi hiʻohiʻona i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ke ʻano o nā ʻāpana wavy transverse, o kahi malu māmā. Hoʻopōʻino nā larvae insect i nā hua o ka peach, ka pea a me ka ʻāpala.

Leaf rolling green oak

He ʻōmaʻomaʻo ʻōmaʻomaʻo a ʻōmaʻomaʻo paha ke kala o nā ʻēheu o ka mu. ʻAi nā anuhe i ka lau birch, maple, ʻoka, hornbeam, beech, a me ka ʻāpala, pear, peach a me ka apricot.

moth codling plum

ʻO nā ʻēheu mua o ka pepeke he ʻeleʻele ke kala, me ka ʻulaʻula poni. Hoʻopilikia ka pepeke i nā plums, apricots, cherry plums, peaches, apple trees, pears, cherries, wild roses a me nā hawthorns.

hua a i ʻole hua ʻokoʻa

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona ʻokoʻa o ka mu, ʻo ia ka māmā, ʻulaʻula-hinahina o ke kihi o waho o nā ʻēheu mua. Hoʻopilikia nā ʻōpala lau lau i ka plum, apricot, apple, pea, cherry plum, lehu mauna, cherry a me hawthorn.

Hua waina

Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kala o nā ʻēheu o kahi moth e kahi kala melemele a gula paha, me kahi ʻōmaʻomaʻo iki. ʻO nā anuhe o kēia ʻano he kumu nui ka pōʻino o nā hua waina, akā ʻai pū kekahi i nā lau o nā plums, pears, cherries, blackberries, strawberries a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe.

Currant a kekee

ʻO nā ʻēheu mua o kēia ʻano he melemele-ʻeleʻele a ʻalani-melemele paha. Hoʻopilikia nā anuhe i nā lau o nā currants, raspberries, lāʻau apple, peaches a me nā mea kanu ʻē aʻe.

Mesh

ʻO ka waihoʻoluʻu o nā ʻēheu he ʻulaʻula a i ʻole melemele oker, me ke ʻano ʻulaʻula-ʻulaʻula. Hoʻopilikia ka insect i nā lāʻau apple, pears, raspberries, currants, cherries, plums a me nā rosa.

ka hau hau

ʻOkoʻa loa ke kala o nā ʻēheu mua i nā kāne a me nā wahine. Ua pena ʻia nā ʻēheu o nā kāne i ka hina-ʻulaʻula me ka ʻole o ke ʻano, a ʻo nā ʻēheu o ka wahine he hina hina, translucent, i hoʻonani ʻia me ka nui o nā wahi ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele. ʻO ka ʻai o nā larvae o kēia leafworm he kumu lāʻau ʻāpala, pears, gooseberries, currants a me nā raspberry.

He aha ka pōʻino o nā lau

ʻO ka pōʻino nui i loko o nā kīhāpai a me nā māla ʻai ma muli o nā ʻuolo lau. ʻAi lākou i nā ʻāpana like ʻole o nā lāʻau huaʻai a me nā lāʻau berry, no laila ke alakaʻi nei i ka pono ʻole o ka hua a me ka nāwaliwali o ka pale ʻana o ka mea kanu. I ke kaʻina hana ʻana, hiki i nā anuhe ke luku:

  • lau;
  • hua;
  • mau pūluhi
  • inflorescences.

Leaflets - ke kumu nui o ka helehelena nā ʻupena ma luna o ka lāʻau ʻāpala.

Nā ʻano hoʻomalu lau

ʻO nā ʻano nui o ka hana ʻana i nā leafworms, e like me ke ʻano o nā pepeke pōʻino ʻē aʻe, ua māhele ʻia i kekahi mau ʻano: mechanical, biological, chemical and folk.

Nā ʻano mīkini

Ma waena o nā ʻano hana mechanical no ka mālama ʻana i nā leafworms penei:

  • ʻohi ʻana i nā enuhe mai nā lāʻau a me nā kumulāʻau me ka lima;
    kāʻei paʻa.

    kāʻei paʻa.

  • ka lulu ʻana i nā ʻōpala mai nā lālā;
  • hoʻokomo i nā kāʻei hahai holoholona a me nā pahele kūikawā ma nā kumulāʻau.

ʻano hana olaola

ʻO ke ʻano olaola no ka mālama ʻana i nā enuhe lau e hoʻohuli i nā ʻenemi kūlohelohe o ka pepeke i ka pūnaewele. Aia kēia mau mea:

  • lace larvae;
  • nā pipi pepehi kanaka;
  • nā manu like ʻole.

Kemika

ʻO ka luku ʻana i nā pests me ke kōkua o nā kemika ʻo ia ke ala maikaʻi loa. Pono e hana ʻia ka lāʻau insecticide ʻaʻole wale ma kahi mea kanu maʻi, akā ma ka ʻāina o ka māla āpau a i ʻole ka hale kauwela. ʻO kēia ma muli o ka hiki o nā enuhe a me nā pupae lau e neʻe i kahi lōʻihi.

Ma waena o nā ʻano kemika, i ka hakakā ʻana me ka leafworm, ua hōʻoia lākou iā lākou iho ma ke ala maikaʻi loa:

  • Alatar;
  • Fufanon;
  • Karbofos;
  • Dursban;
  • ʻĀtoma;
  • Pae ʻana.

Hoʻoponopono Folk

No ka poʻe ʻaʻole makemake e hoʻohana i nā kemika ma kā lākou pūnaewele, aia kekahi mau ʻano hana maʻamau no ka hana ʻana i nā leafworms.

Infusion of wormwoodHe kūpono no nā mea kanu hou a maloʻo. I ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka wormwood hou, pono ʻoe ma kahi o ½ bākeke o nā mea kanu ʻoki maikaʻi. I ka hihia o ka wormwood maloʻo, pono e hoʻohana ʻia 700-800 g. ʻO ka mua, ninini ʻia ka wormwood i loko o 10 liters o ka wai a ʻae ʻia e infuse no 48 mau hola. Pono e hoʻolapalapa ʻia ka tincture hopena no 30 mau minuke ma kahi wela haʻahaʻa. Ma hope o ka hoʻoluʻu, kānana a hoʻohui i ka wai i loko o ia nui e loaʻa ai ka 10 liters o ka broth i hoʻopau ʻia. Ma mua o ka hoʻohana ʻana, ua hoʻoheheʻe hou ʻia ka huahana me ka wai ma kahi ratio o 1: 1.
Tincture pakaNo ka kuke ʻana, pono ʻoe i ka shag a i ʻole ka lepo paka i ka nui o 0,5 kg. Ua ninini ʻia ka paka me kahi bākeke wai wela a hoʻokomo ʻia no 48 mau hola. Ke mākaukau ka tincture, pono ia e kānana me ka gauze a ʻoki maikaʻi i ka keke. Hoʻohui ʻia kekahi bākeke wai a me 100 g o ke kopa a i ʻole ka wai i ka tincture paka.
Tincture ʻualaNo ka tincture, pono ʻoe i 4 kg o nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo a i ʻole 2 kg o maloʻo. Inā he hou nā poʻo, a laila pono e ʻoki ʻia ma mua o ka hoʻohana ʻana. Pono e hoʻopiha ʻia nā poʻo i hoʻomākaukau ʻia me kahi bākeke o ka wai mahana a waiho ʻia no 3-4 mau hola. Pono e kānana ʻia ka tincture a hoʻohui i 40 g o ke kopa.

Nā hana kūpono

ʻO nā hana mahiʻai kūpono a me nā hana pale maʻamau he mea nui loa i ʻole e lilo nā mea kanu i loko o ka māla i mea pōʻino i ka lau. ʻO nā hana aʻe e kōkua i ka mālama ʻana i ke olakino a me ka palekana ikaika o nā kumulāʻau hua a me nā lāʻau berry:

  • ka hoʻoinu ʻana i ka manawa, ka weeding, ke ʻoki a me ka hānai ʻana i nā mea kanu;
  • ka wehe mau ʻana i ka lepo ma kahi kokoke i ka pōʻai kumu;
  • ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i nā lau a me nā hua i hāʻule i kēlā me kēia lā;
  • ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe makahiki a me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe keʻokeʻo o ka ʻili ma ke kumu a me nā lālā iwi;
  • nā lāʻau lapaʻau me ka copper sulphate a i ʻole ka wai Bordeaux.
Pehea e hana ai i nā lau lau me ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻano kuʻuna

hopena

ʻO ka leafworm he monu weliweli loa e hiki ke hōʻino i nā hua a me ke olakino o ka mea kanu. Hiki ke paʻakikī ka hoʻopau ʻana i ka nui o nā iniseti, no laila pono ʻoe e hana mau i ka pale ʻana a hoʻomaka i ka hoʻokele pest i ka manawa kūpono.

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