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portal e pili ana i nā pests a me nā ʻano o ka hana ʻana iā lākou

Nodule weevils: nā pests liʻiliʻi o nā legumes

Mea kākau atikala
7504 nānā
2 minuke. no ka heluhelu

He wā wela ke kauwela no nā mea a pau. ʻOi aku ka makemake o kekahi i kēia manawa e pā i ka lā. Akā aia kekahi poʻe e mālama pono i ka hua mai nā mea ʻino he nui. Nui nā weevils i kēia manawa e hoʻomaka i ka ʻimi nui no ka ʻohi ʻana.

Nodule weevils: kiʻi

He wehewehe nodule weevils

inoa: nodule weevils
ʻŌlelo Lākni:Sitone

Papa: nā inike - Pepelu
pūʻulu:
Koleoptera - Coleoptera
Kaʻohana:
Weevils a Elepani paha - Curculionidae

Nā wahi noho:kihapai, steppes, kihapai meaai
Pilikia no:nā mea kanu o ka ʻohana legume
Ke ano o ka luku:naphthalene, Aktara, Decis, mechanical

ʻOkoʻa loa nā ʻelele o nā weevils nodule. Aia ma mua o 100 mau ʻano o lākou. ʻO lākou a pau he mau pest of legumes. ʻO ka nui o nā pipi mai 3 a 7 mm.

Hiki ke ʻokoʻa nā kala. Ua uhi ʻia nā ʻōpio me nā unahi, ʻaʻole i loaʻa i nā pākeke. He ʻeleʻele a hina hina paha ka waihoʻoluʻu o nā ʻōpala, ʻaʻole ʻeleʻele. ʻAʻole lākou hoʻowahāwahā i nā legume i mahi ʻia a me nā mea hihiu.

No ka hapa nui, he proboscis pōkole ko lākou a me nā ʻēheu i kūkulu maikaʻi ʻia.

ʻO ka pōʻino o nā weevils nodule

ʻAi nā ʻelele o nā weevils nodule i nā mea kanu. Aloha nui lākou i nā ʻaoʻao ʻōpiopio o nā lau. A i ka wā e puka mai ai nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo juicy mua, hoʻomaka ka ʻai. Me ka hoʻomehana, hoʻomau ke kaʻina o ka huli ʻana, a hiki paha i ka luku piha ʻana i nā lau.

He poʻokela lākou ma ka ʻai kiʻi.

Ka pōʻaiaola a me ka puʻunaue

Po'ai ola.

Po'ai ola.

Hānai nā mākua ma kahi e hānai ai. Aia i ka hoʻomehana mua ma kahi o 3-4 degere o ka wela, ala lākou. ʻO 2-3 mau pule ka lōʻihi o ka noho ʻana ma muli o ke ʻano o ka wā.

Ma hope o ka male ʻana, hoʻomaka nā wahine i ka hoʻomoe hua. Kau ʻo ia iā lākou ma ka honua, nā mea kanu a me ka mauʻu. Ke ua, hāʻule lākou i ka lepo.

Hoʻoulu nā hua i loko o hoʻokahi pule inā ʻoi aku ka mahana o ka ambient ma luna o +28 degere. I ka wā ma lalo o +8, a laila ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia nā larvae. Make pū kekahi o nā hua ma muli o ka wai ʻole.

Komo nā anuhe i nā ʻuala, hānai i nā mea i loko a hoʻōla hou. Hoʻouka lākou i nā ʻuala i ka huli ʻana, neʻe i ke aʻa a me nā ʻiʻo waho. Hana ʻia ka pupation i ka waena o ke kauwela. I hoʻokahi pule ma hope mai, ʻike ʻia nā ʻōpio ʻōpio, e neʻe nui ana i nā wana ʻōpio.

Aia ka nodule weevil ma ka ʻāpana ʻEulopa o ka Russian Federation. Aia ka mahele mahele:

  • Hema o Siberia;
  • Monokolia;
  • ʻApelika ʻĀkau;
  • Caucasus;
  • ʻUkelena;
  • Kazakhstan
  • ʻAsia Waena;
  • ʻEulopa Komohana.

Pehea e ʻike a pale ai i ka weevil

I ka pūnāwai, hana ʻia nā noiʻi e kōkua i ka hoʻoholo ʻana i ke alo a me ka helu o nā weevils ma ka pūnaewele. ʻO ka pale ʻana i ke ʻano o nā beetles he mau kaʻina hana:

Nodule weevil.

Nodule weevil.

  • e nānā i ka mamao ma waena o ka pae ʻana;
  • kanu i ka manawa like inā hiki;
  • e hana i ka hana ma waena o nā lālani;
  • e hoopau i ka nahelehele.

Nā hana hoʻomalu no ka weevil nodule

No ka wehe nui ʻana i nā nalo weevil nodule, hoʻohana ʻia nā kemika. He mau insecticides o ke kumu neonicotinoid. He kūpono hoʻi nā organophosphorus a me nā peritroids.

Hana ʻia nā hua me Picus. He mea pale ʻōnaehana ia e pale ai i nā ʻanoʻano a me nā aʻa mai nā ʻano pests no ka manawa lōʻihi. ʻO ke kumu kūikawā e kōkua i ka huahana e noho ma luna o nā lole no ka manawa lōʻihi.

Hiki ke hoʻohana i ka kemika i ka wā ulu. No kēia, hoʻohana ʻia nā lāʻau lapaʻau:

  • Vantex;
  • Clothiamet;
  • Lanat;
  • ʻO Tibora.

Ka puunaue ana i na weevils nodule

Nodule weevil.

Weevil i ka waihona.

Hoʻopau pinepine nā weevils nodule i loko o nā hale ʻai a i ʻole nā ​​​​hale. Ma laila lākou e hoʻopau ai i nā ʻano lāʻau āpau. No ka hoʻopau ʻana i nā pōpoki i loko o ka lumi, pono ʻoe e hoʻokaʻawale i nā waihona āpau, hoʻolei aku i nā huahana maʻi āpau.

Hana ʻia ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe maʻamau me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe piha ʻana i nā papa a me nā keʻena kīhini. Pono e hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā huahana e kokoke mai ana i ka wela - maloʻo a mahana paha.

ʻOi aku nā weevils i loko o ke keʻena a me nā ala e hoʻopau ai iā lākou ma ka ʻatikala.

hopena

Nodule weevils nona ka proboscis pōkole a mānoanoa, a me ka ʻai pau ʻole. Hiki iā lākou ke ʻai i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo o nā legumes, komo i loko o nā hale a me nā hale ʻai. No laila, pono lākou e hakakā ikaika.

454 Pehea e hana ai i nā weevils a me nā mite me ka ʻole kemika.

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