ʻO nā mea hoihoi e pili ana i nā beavers

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Ua loaʻa iā mākou 31 mea hoihoi e pili ana i ka beavers

ʻO kekahi o nā rodents nui loa ma ka honua

He holoholona maikaʻi loa nā Beavers i hiki ke kapa ʻia ʻo nā ʻenekinia kūlohelohe maikaʻi loa. ʻOiai ua kapa ʻia lākou he "pest", ʻo lākou kā mākou mau hoa aloha maikaʻi loa i ka hakakā ʻana i ka maloʻo. I kēlā me kēia makahiki, hoʻokō lākou i ka hana paʻa, he nui ke kumukūʻai. Hana nā beavers i nā pā, he ala maoli ia e hōʻiliʻili ai i ka wai, hoʻopaʻu i nā nalu wai, hoʻopaʻa i ka pae wai o ka honua, a me ka wai hoʻomaʻemaʻe.

1

ʻO ka beaver kekahi ʻano o nā mammals (Castor) mai ka ʻohana beaver (Castroidae).

Aia kēia ʻano i nā ʻano i loaʻa ma Eurasia a me ʻAmelika ʻĀkau.
2

Aia i loko o ka genus Castor (beaver) ʻelua mau ʻano ola: Castor fiber, ka beaver ʻEulopa, a me Castor canadensis, ka beaver Kanada.

Aia kekahi ʻelua ʻano mea make: Castor Californicus a me Castor veterior.
3

He pili pili ka beaver ʻEulopa a me ka beaver Kanada a ua manaʻo ʻia he ʻano hoʻokahi i ka wā ma mua.

Ua like loa lākou, akā ʻokoʻa i nā genetics, ʻo ia ka helu o nā chromosomes. He 40 ka beaver Kanada, a he 48 ka beaver Europa, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻano ʻelua ke hui pū.
4

Ua kapa ʻia ka beaver ʻEulopa ʻo ka maʻamau, ka muliwai a i ʻole ka beaver hikina.

Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka rodent nui loa ma Eurasia, ʻoiai ʻo ke kaumaha o kona kino ma kahi o 29 kg a ʻo kona lōʻihi a hiki i 110 cm.
5

ʻO ke kino o ka beavers ka mea maʻalahi iā lākou e ʻauʻau a luʻu.

He kino nui ko lākou, pili i ke poʻo, me ka ʻāʻī ʻole. ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ke kino o nā beaver ʻEulopa ma mua o ko nā beaver Kanada, a ʻoi aku ka nui o ka umauma. ʻO nā wāwae mua o nā Beavers he paʻa, a ʻo ko lākou mau wāwae hope ikaika e pau i nā manamana wāwae i hoʻopili ʻia e kahi membrane pūnaewele.
6

He poʻo pōkole ko ka Beaver, me nā pepeiao ʻeleʻele, liʻiliʻi a me nā maka liʻiliʻi a kū i kahi kokoke.

Ua lako nā maka o Beavers me ke kolu o ka lihilihi alohilohi e pale ai i ka maka i ka luʻu ʻana. I ka luʻu ʻana, ua pani ʻia ka pepeiao a me ka ihu e nā ʻili o ka ʻili, a paʻa paʻa ka waha i ka lehelehe luna a me ka diastema ākea. I ka ʻauʻau ʻana, aia ka ihu, nā maka a me nā pepeiao o nā bea ma ka mokulele hoʻokahi a paʻa ʻia ma luna o ka ʻili o ka wai.
7

ʻO nā huelo beaver he nui, oval, pālahalaha, me kahi kihi kikoʻī, uhi ʻia me nā unahi ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele, kahi e ulu ai nā lauoho lahilahi.

ʻOi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka huelo o nā bea ʻEulopa. He hoeuli ka huelo i ka ʻauʻau ʻana a ʻo ia ke kākoʻo maoli o ka beaver ma ka ʻāina. ʻO ia hoʻi ka momona momona kūlohelohe o ke kino a me ke kino thermoregulatory.
8

He ʻelua lua ma lalo o ka ʻili i ka beaver o nā kāne ʻelua, ma waena o ke pelvis a me ke kumu o ka huelo, ʻelua ʻeke anal a me ʻelua ʻeke (preputial glands).

Hoʻohana ʻia ka huna melemele mai nā ʻeke (castoreum) e nā holoholona e lubricate i ko lākou hulu a, i hui pū ʻia me ka mimi, e hōʻailona i ko lākou ʻāina. ʻO ka mea ʻala o kēia mea huna ʻo ia ka castoramine. ʻO nā hoʻonā Castoreum (e like me ambergris) he mea hoʻoponopono ʻala i ka mea ʻala a me kahi mea hoʻohui ʻala i nā kopa a me nā pauka. ʻO ka huna ʻana o nā ʻōpū anal e kōkua i ka poʻe e ʻike kekahi i kekahi.
9

Uhi ʻia ka ʻili o ka Beavers i ka hulu mānoanoa, palupalu a ʻālohilohi.

He mānoanoa ka hulu e ulu ana ka 12-23 tausani huluhulu ma hoʻokahi kenimika kūhā o ka ʻili. lauoho. Aia ia i ka lauoho lalo a pale, i hoʻolālā ʻia i ke ʻano o ka luʻu ʻana, mālama ʻia ka ea i loko o ka hulu, no laila e loaʻa ai i nā beavers kahi papa insulating hou aʻe a ʻoi aku ka buoyancy.
10

ʻO ke kala o nā beavers ma muli o ka noho ʻana o nā holoholona.

Hiki ke ʻeleʻele, ʻeleʻele a ʻulaʻula paha. ʻO ke kala ʻeleʻele ke ʻano o nā beavers mai Scandinavia a i ʻole Siberia, a ʻo ka waihoʻoluʻu māmā ke ʻano o ka poʻe e noho ana ma nā ʻāpana hema, e like me Mongolia. ʻO ke kala ʻeleʻele kahi ʻano recessive. Ma Polani, ʻike ʻia ka poʻe ʻeleʻele a me ka ʻeleʻele i ka manawa like. He ʻulaʻula a ʻeleʻele ʻeleʻele paha nā beaver Kanada.
11

ʻAʻole loaʻa i ka beaver dimorphism moe kolohe.

Aia ka ʻōpū o waho i ka pseudocloaca.
12

He holoholona ʻohana ka Beavers a he monogamous maoli nō. Ma hope wale nō o ka make ʻana o kahi hoa hana e ʻimi ai i kahi mea hou.

Hiki i nā wahine a me nā kāne ke oʻo piha i ka makahiki 3. Hānau lākou i hoʻokahi manawa i ka makahiki, ʻo ka hāpai ʻana he 105-107 mau lā, hānau ʻia nā moa ma waena o ʻApelila a me Iune. Mai ka 2 a hiki i 6 mau keiki i hānau ʻia i loko o kahi pā (ʻo ka Canadian beaver he 1-4), he kūʻokoʻa loa ia, ʻike koke ma hope o ka hānau ʻana a hiki ke ʻauʻau 24 mau hola ma hope o ka hānau ʻana. Hānai ko lākou makuahine iā lākou i ka waiū no 90 mau lā, ʻoiai ua hoʻomaka lākou e ʻai i nā mea kanu i ka lua o ka pule o ke ola. Noho nā ʻōpio me ko lākou mau mākua a hiki i ka piha ʻana o 2 mau makahiki, a laila ʻimi lākou i ko lākou ʻāina ponoʻī.
13

Noho ka beaver ʻEulopa ma kahi o 30 mau makahiki, ʻo Kanada - mai 10 a 19 mau makahiki.

Hiki i nā beavers e noho ana ma nā zoo ke hiki i ka makahiki 35 a 50 mau makahiki.
14

Hoʻoikaika ka Beavers i ka pō, me kā lākou hana kiʻekiʻe ma waena o 22:23 p.m. a me XNUMX:XNUMX p.m.

I ka lā hoʻomaha lākou i nā lua, kahi e moe ai a hoʻomaha.
15

Hoʻomaka ka hoʻoilo i ka hoʻoilo i loko o ke keʻena lua a hale paha—he hale pale a hoʻoulu ʻia no nā bea i kūkulu ʻia i loko o kahi lua i kālai ʻia i loko o kahi kapa pali a i ʻole ma luna o kahi paepae kiʻekiʻe ma kahi ʻāina pulu.

Kūkulu ʻia nā hale mai nā lālā lāʻau, nā mea kanu palupalu a me ka lepo. Hoʻokomo ka Beavers iā lākou ma ka puka o lalo o ka wai a i ʻole ma kekahi mau puka komo. Kūleʻa nā kaupaku o nā hale ma luna o ka ʻilikai. ʻO ke kiʻekiʻe o nā hale he 1 a 3 m a me ke anawaena a hiki i ka 12. No ka uhi maikaʻi ʻana i nā puka komo o nā hale, hana nā beavers i nā pā e hoʻokiʻekiʻe i ka wai. ʻO ka hohonu ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka ʻauʻau ʻana, ka luʻu ʻana a me ka lawe wale ʻana i nā mea. ʻO ka pā nui loa o ka honua i kūkulu ʻia e nā beavers, 850 m ka lōʻihi, aia ma Kanada ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Buffalo National Park. ʻO ka lua, 652 m ka lōʻihi, aia ma ka mokuʻāina ʻo US ʻo Montana.
16

He koʻikoʻi ko lākou mau niho i ke ola o nā beavers.

Mahalo i ka lōʻihi a me ka ikaika, hiki i nā beavers ke hana i ka hapa nui o kā lākou mau hana ola, e like me ke kua ʻana i nā kumulāʻau a me ke kūkulu ʻana i nā pā a me nā hale. ʻO ka ikaika ikaika o nā incisors e pili ana i ke kaumaha o kekahi mau tons i ka cm2, mahalo i hiki iā lākou ke ʻoki i ka beech paʻakikī a i ʻole ka lāʻau hornbeam, a me nā lāʻau me ke anawaena a hiki i 1 m. ʻO nā incisors haʻahaʻa wale nō, ma kahi o 15. knm ka lōʻihi, pāʻani i kahi mea nui i ka nahu ʻana, ʻo nā incisors luna e lawelawe ma ke ʻano he kākoʻo kiko. He ʻulaʻula a ʻalani paha ka ʻili o mua o ka incisors. He ʻano diastema ko ka Beaver, a hiki i ka 70% o ka laulā auwae. Ke ulu mau nei nā niho o ka Beaver i ko lākou ola a pono e wili mau.
17

He mau herbivores ka Beavers, e hānai ana i nā ʻāpana āpau o ke kahakai a me nā mea kanu wai.

ʻAʻole hiki i ke kino o ka beaver ke ʻeli a hoʻohana i nā meaʻai a pau i ka manawa hoʻokahi, ʻoiai ʻo ka hapa nui o ia mea he cellulose. ʻO ia ke kumu e hoʻohana ai nā beavers i ka caecotrophy (kahi ʻano hoʻoemi ʻelua ʻanuʻu). Hāʻawi lākou i ʻelua ʻano feces a ʻai i kekahi o ia mau mea i loaʻa i nā mea i hana mua ʻia e ka bacteria.
18

ʻAi maʻamau ka Beavers i loko o 20 m mai ke kahakai o kahi waihona, akā hiki ke hele i nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe.

I ka pō hiki iā lākou ke ʻau a hiki i 20 km. Hiki i nā bea ʻōpio ke hele i mau haneli kilomika e ʻimi i hoa a i ʻole kahi wahi hou.
19

Hana nā beavers i nā leo like ʻole, akā kakaikahi ka lohe ʻana iā lākou.

Ua like kēia mau leo ​​me ke kani ʻana o ka puʻupuʻu, ka ʻōhumu, ke kanikau, ka ʻōhumu, ka pueo a me ka puaʻa. Manaʻo ʻia nā leo pākahi me nā ʻano pilikanaka kūikawā. No ka laʻana, hoʻopuka nā Beavers i kahi leo aloha i ka wā e hui ai ma hope o ka hoʻomaha lōʻihi. ʻO kekahi ʻano ʻano o ka beaver, ʻo ia ka paʻi nui ʻana o ko lākou huelo ma luna o ka ʻili o ka wai, e ʻōlelo ana i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe no ka hoʻokokoke ʻana i ka pōʻino a me ka hōʻike ʻana i ka mea komo hewa ua ʻike ʻia lākou. I ka hui ʻana me ke kanaka, huli ka bea i mua ona, pili liʻiliʻi i ka lepo a pā i ka lepo me kona huelo.
20

Mālama pono nā beavers i ka maʻemaʻe o ko lākou hulu.

I ka puka ʻana mai i waho o ka wai, lulu lākou i ke koena o ka wai mai ko lākou hulu, a kulou i lalo a hamo i ko lākou ʻōpū me ka neʻe mālie o nā wāwae ʻelua. Hoʻohana ʻia nō hoʻi e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i nā lima mua, nā ʻūhā a me ka huelo. Hoʻohana lākou i nā maiuu o ko lākou manamana lima e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka ʻili a puni nā maka a me nā kihi o nā lehelehe. Hoʻohana ʻia ka māiʻuʻu o ka manamana wāwae ʻelua o ka lālā hope no ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe o ke kino, a laila hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻia ka hulu me ka huna ʻana o nā ʻōpū anal.
21

He holoholona semi-aquatic ka Beavers, he teritorial a he hana i ka pō.

Noho lākou i loko o kahi hui ʻohana, me nā mākua a hiki i ʻelua hanauna o nā keiki. Noho ka ʻāina o hoʻokahi ʻohana ma kahi o 1-4 km ma ka lōʻihi o ke kahawai.
22

Hiki i nā beavers ke noho mau i lalo o ka wai a hiki i 15 mau minuke.

I ka luʻu ʻana, e emi ana ko lākou puʻuwai.
23

Loaʻa i ka Beaver ka lakio nui o ka lolo me ke kino o kēlā me kēia rodent.

ʻAʻole hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia ma ke ʻano o nā beavers, akā i ko lākou hiki ke hana me ka naʻau a me ka noʻonoʻo (hiki iā lākou ke kūkulu i nā ʻanuʻu e piʻi i luna). Hiki iā lākou ke hoʻololi i ke kaiapuni i ko lākou pono. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka naʻauao o nā beaver me ka pae naʻauao o nā ʻiole.
24

Ma Polani, pale ʻia nā beavers.

ʻO Beavers ka mea i mālama nui ʻia e nā mōʻī a me nā aliʻi Polani. I ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua pāpā ʻo Boleslav the Brave i ka hahai ʻana i ka beaver ma nā ʻāina ma lalo o kāna mana a hoʻokumu i ke kūlana o ka beaver, nāna i mālama i nā beavers e noho ana ma kēia ʻāina. He kiai bea kekahi, no ka mea, he waiwai alii ka bea. I ka hapa nui o nā ʻāina ʻEulopa, mālama ʻia ka castor fiber.
25

I ka wā ma mua, ʻimi nui ʻia nā bea no kā lākou ʻili a me ka ʻiʻo, a me kā lākou mau lole beaver.

Ua manaʻo ʻia ka lole beaver he lāʻau lapaʻau. Ua makemake ko mākou mau kūpuna i ka hulu beaver, kahi i humuhumu ai i nā kola a me nā pāpale.
26

He holoholona maikaʻi loa nā Beavers, ʻoi aku ka nui ma mua o nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o kā lākou mau hana (ke kahe ʻana o nā wahi mahiʻai a me nā ululāʻau).

ʻO kā lākou mau hana e hoʻihoʻi i kahi wai wai maikaʻi, mālama a hoʻonui i ka biodiversity o ke kaiapuni, hoʻemi i ka ʻino, a hoʻonui i ka wikiwiki o ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻana i ka wai. I ka wā o ka wai kiʻekiʻe, wehe nā beavers i nā pā a lākou i kūkulu ai e hoʻokahe i ka wai nui. Hoʻololi nā hale hydraulic i kūkulu ʻia e nā beavers i ke ʻano o ke kahawai. Hoʻokumu ʻia nā wahi noho hou, piʻi ka paʻa ʻana, a me nā ʻāpana kino a me nā kemika o ka hoʻololi ʻana i ka wai. Mahalo iā lākou, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā wahi hou i kūpono i nā heluna o nā invertebrates, iʻa, amphibians a me nā pua.
27

He mau ʻenemi maoli ko Beavers: ʻīlio hae, lynxes, bea, wolverine, alopeke, a me nā ʻīlio hele hewa.

Eia naʻe, ʻo ke kanaka ʻenemi nui loa o kēia mau holoholona.
28

ʻO ka International Beaver Day ka lā 7 ʻApelila.

ʻO kēia lā ka lā hānau o Dorothy Richards, he kanaka noiʻi ʻAmelika o kēia mau holoholona. Ua hoʻolauleʻa mua ʻia ia ma 2009 ma ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka hui ʻAmelika Beavers: Wetlands & Wildlife (BWW). ʻO ke kumu o ka lā hoʻomaha ʻo ia ka huki ʻana i ka manaʻo i ke ʻano o ke ʻano a me ka pale ʻana o kēia mau rodents nui, ʻo ka beaver ʻEulopa a me Kanada.
29

ʻO ka beaver Kanada kekahi o nā hōʻailona o Kanada. Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia ka hōʻailona o nā mokuʻāina ʻo Oregon a me New York.

Hōʻike ʻia kāna kiʻi ma ke kālā ʻelima keneta Kanada.
30

ʻO ka poʻe Finno-Ugric e noho ana ma Western Siberia (Khanty a me Mansi) e noʻonoʻo i nā beavers he holoholona me ka ʻuhane.

Ma waena o ka poʻe Kelemānia kahiko, Finns a me Norewai, he mau holoholona mōhai ka beavers.
31

I ke kenekulia 16, ua ʻae ka Ekalesia Katolika i ka ʻai ʻana i ka ʻiʻo beaver i ka wā Lent.

Ma ke ʻano he holoholona wai, ua manaʻo ʻia he like me ka iʻa. ʻO ka huelo Beaver (ka inoa i hāʻawi ʻia i ka splashtail, i uhi maoli ʻia me nā unahi) i lawelawe ʻia ma ke ʻano he kīʻaha Kalikimaka.

ʻO mua
Nā mea hoihoiʻO nā mea hoihoi e pili ana i ka vulture
ʻO ka lā aʻe
Nā mea hoihoiʻO nā ʻike hoihoi e pili ana i ka jackal gula
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